Comprehensive Ranking System -Express Entry
Canada, Immigration

Comprehensive Ranking System for Canada Express Entry

Last Updated on May 30, 2022 by Visa Journal

Canada’s express entry system uses Comprehensive Ranking System, commonly knows as CRS, to rank and select aspirants of Canadian immigration. Express entry  is one of the most widely known immigration streams. It is primarily for skilled professionals who wish to move to Canada as permanent residents. Comprehensive ranking system allocates points for various aspects such as education, language ability in English and French, age, work experience, and adaptability.

Keep reading, as this article provides all the details about Comprehensive Ranking System(CRS) of the Canadian Express Entry.

CRS Points Calculation Factors

CRS score is based on various factors, lets us have a look at each factor


Age ( Yrs)With Spouse Without Spouse
17 or less00
20 -29100110
45 or more 00


Education Level With SpouseWithout Spouse
Less than high school ( Grade 12)00
High School (Grade 12)2830
1 year degree, diploma, certificate 8490
2 year degree, diploma or certificate 9198
Bachelors degree, diploma or certificate (3 year or more)112120
Two diplomas, certificate or degrees. One has to be 3 years or more119128
Masters degree (17-18 years education), Or professional degree 126135
Phd 140150

For those who have completed their education outside of Canada, they must have obtained Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) before they can be allocated the CRS score for education.

Language Ability

CLB Level per moduleWith SpouseWithot Spouse
CLB 3 or less00
CLB 4 -566
CLB 689
CLB 71617
CLB 82223
CLB 9 2931
CLB 103234

To obtain points for language ability one must have taken one of the IRCC designated language tests. Each module of the test will be awarded CRS score individually. The CLB score conversion tables are provided through this link.

Canadian Work Experience

YearsWith SpouseWithout Spouse
Less than 100
5 or more7080

Canadian work experience is only considered if the applicant worked for a Canadian employer while living in Canada on a valid work authorization. Experience gained during studies in Canada cannot be considered as Canadian work experience for purpose of CRS score.

Additional Points

Brother or sister who is Canadian PR/Citizen and living in Canada15
French Langauge Ability 50
Canadian Education 30
Eligible Job Offer from Canadian Employer (NOC 00)200
Eligible Job Offer from Canadian Employer (NOC 0, A, B)50
Provincial Nomination 600

Provincial nomination from Quebec cannot be used for express entry and CRS score calculation.

Job offer must be backed by a Labor Market Impact Assessment(LMIA) if required for CRS score calculation.

Canadian education of one year gives 15 CRS points, and if its 2 years of Canadian education then its 30 CRS points as listed above. This education must have been completed within Canada while having a legal Canadian study permit or authorization. If the study is more than 50 % online/distance learning that does not qualify as Canadian education for the purpose of CRS score calculation.

Skill Transferability (Education & Language)

Language and Education CLB 7 or more on all modules of language test, at least one module less than CLB 9CLB 9 or more on all modules of language test
High School or less00
1 year diploma at university/college1325
Two or more degreess, diplomas. One must be of three years or mrore 2550

Skill Transferability (Education & Canadian Experience)

Education and Canadian Experience1 Yr Canadian Experience2 Yr Canadian Experience
High School or less00
One year degree, diploma 1325
Two or more degree, diploma. One must be of three year or more2550

Skill Transferability (Foreign Experience & Canadian Experience)

Foreign Experience & Canadian Experience 1 Year Canadian Experience 2 Year Canadian Experience
No Foreign Experience00
1-2 Years of foreign experience1325
3 years of or more foreign experience2550

Skill Transferability (Foreign Experience & Language)

Foreign Experience & LanguageCLB 7 or more in all modulesCLB 9 or more in all modules
No Foreign Experience00
1-2 Years of foreign experience1325
3 years of or more foreign experience2550

Spouse Points – Education

Spouse - Education CRS Points
Less than high school ( Grade 12)0
High School (Grade 12)2
1 year degree, diploma, certificate 6
2 year degree, diploma or certificate 7
Bachelors degree, diploma or certificate (3 year or more)8
Two diplomas, certificate or degrees. One has to be 3 years or more9
Masters degree (17-18 years education), Or professional degree 10
Phd 10

Spouse can only obtain the CRS score when they have also obtained an Educational Credential Assessment(ECA). It is not mandatory for spouse to obtain an ECA, but it does help by adding CRS points.

Spouse Points – Language

Spouse - Language Ability per module of test CRS Points
CLB 4 or less0
CLB 5-61
CLB 7-83
CLB 9 -105

Spouse may also add CRS points if they sit for one of the IRCC designated language tests. Like an ECA, it is not mandatory for spouse to take language test. Points are awarded for each section(reading, writing, speaking, listening) of the test individually.

Immigration Streams Using CRS Score

CRS score is used to select Canadian immigration applicants under the following federal economic immigration streams.

Federal Skilled Workers Program (FSW)

Federal Skilled Worker Program is the main express entry stream that attracts skilled immigrants with work experience gained outside of Canada. As there is a shortage of skilled labor within Canada so this stream allows skilled professionals from across the world to obtain permanent residence in Canada and become active part of Canadian work force. To be eligible for FSWP category applicants must have at least one year of work experience outside of Canada, high school education, and good language skills in English/French.

Federal Skilled Trades Program (FST)

Canada has specific needs for people with expertise in skilled trades/professions (such as plumbers, electricians, carpenters, technicians, etc.). These professionals usually do not have a level of education comparable to Bachelors/Masters degree so they have their own stream under the Express Entry. This stream is called Federal Skilled Trades Program(FST).

To be eligible for FST stream one must have at least two years of full-time work experience (or corresponding part-time work history) in a skilled trade profession.  For this stream National Occupation Classification (NOC) in Major Group 72, 72, 82, or 92, or Minor Group 632 or 633 are considered only.  Applicants of FST category are also required to prove language ability in English/French.

Federal Skilled Trade category applicants must either  have a full-time job offer, or  have a certificate of qualification that has been issued by a relevant Canadian trade licensing body.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Every year a large number of foreign nationals move to Canada as international students or on various types of Work permits. Canadian Experience Class is the immigration category under Express Entry that facilitates such applicants who have already obtained work experience in Canada on a temporary status. For the CEC stream required work experience is 12 months of professional job experience (or comparable part-time) in Canada gained during the last three year. Minimum language levels are Canadian Language Benchmark 7 for NOC 0 and Canadian 5 for NOC B jobs, as determined by a CIC-approved exam.


There are various Canadian Provincial Nomination Programs(PNP)  that also use Express Entry and Comprehensive Ranking System to rank and select immigration applicants. Some of these programs are;

Ontario Immigrant Nominee Program

Ontario’s provincial nomination program (OINP) has a specific stream for Express Entry applicants. This stream is called Human Capital Priorities Stream. This stream uses the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) of Express Entry for selection of permanent resident applicants for the Ontario provincial nomination program.

Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program

The province of Alberta manages its provincial nomination program by the name of Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP). Under this PNP program there is Alberta Express Entry Stream, which uses CRS scores to invite and select applicants from the Express Entry pool.

Nova Scotia Immigrant Nominee Program

Nova Scotia’s provincial nomination program(NSNP) has a stream specifically for Express Entry applicants. Selection for this PNP stream is also based on CRS score of express entry.

Official CRS Calculator

To calculate comprehensive ranking score please use the Official CRS calculator tool by IRCC. CRS score is only awarded once the applicant creates Express Entry Profile. To create the express entry profile one must have obtained ECA for Canada immigration and taken a language test. After creating the profile applicants enter the Express Entry Pool and are awarded the Comprehensive Ranking System Score(CRS).

One can assess the CRS score by making a guess about various factors listed above even if language test and ECA have not been obtained yet.

Thousands of People Granted Permanent Residence/Year

The Canadian government has acknowledged that additional immigrants are needed to satisfy future labor market demands and to assist the country’s rapid industrialization. During last three to four years Canada has invited between 80,000 – 100,00 skilled immigrants under the Express Entry system. As per the recent Canada Immigration Level Plan it is expected that in 2022 a total of  56,000 new permanent residents will be admitted under express entry. The same number will increase to 76,000 and 111,500 in years 2022 and 2024, respectively. Some of the provinces such as Ontario, Alberta and Nova Scotia also use Express Entry system, and its Comprehensive Ranking System to invite skilled migrants for its Provincial Nomination Programs (PNP).

There are various strategies to enhance your Comprehensive Ranking System score to get selected for an Express Entry draw! Boosting your CRS score is the most effective approach to increasing your chances of being invited in an express entry draw for Canadian permanent residence application.

Related Articles: What is Express Entry (EE) for Canada?, How to Create Express Entry Profile Online?, How to prove work experience for Canada Express Entry?